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Ukraine defies Russian ultimatum for eastern city, US sends more weapons to Kyiv


By Reuters and published by US News & World Report

Kyiv/Niu-York, Ukraine – Ukraine ignored a Russian ultimatum to surrender the eastern city of Sievierodonetsk on Wednesday as the United States announced more weapons for Kyiv and urged its allies also not to “lose steam” in providing military support.

Sievierodonetsk, now largely in ruins, has for weeks been the main focal point of the war. Russia had told Ukrainian forces holed up in a chemical plant there to stop “senseless resistance and lay down arms” from Wednesday morning, pressing its advantage in the battle for control of eastern Ukraine.

Ukraine says more than 500 civilians, including 40 children, remain alongside soldiers inside the Azot chemical factory, sheltering from weeks of almost constant Russian bombardment.

The mayor of Sievierodonetsk, Oleksandr Stryuk, said Russian forces were trying to storm the city from several directions but the Ukrainians continued to defend it and were not totally cut off, even though all its river bridges had been destroyed.

“The situation is difficult but stable,” he told Ukrainian television. “The escape routes are dangerous, but there are some.” He made no reference to Russia’s ultimatum.

Moscow had said it would let civilians evacuate from the plant on Wednesday but Russian-backed separatists said Ukrainian shelling had scuppered the plan, which would have involved taking people out towards territory they control.

Serhiy Gaidai, governor of the Luhansk region containing Sievierodonetsk, said Ukraine’s army continued to defend the city and to stop Russian forces from taking its twin city Lysychansk on the opposite bank of the Siverskyi Donets river.

Reuters could not immediately verify the battlefield accounts.

Luhansk is one of two eastern provinces Moscow claims on behalf of separatist proxies. Together they make up the Donbas, an industrial region where Russia has focused its assault after failing to take Ukraine’s capital Kyiv in March.

‘Pivotal Moment’

Addressing dozens of Nato defence ministers meeting in Brussels to debate their next moves, US Defence Secretary Lloyd Austin said the invasion was at a “pivotal moment”.

“We can’t afford to let up and we can’t lose steam. The stakes are too high,” he said at the start of the talks.

Nato Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said the alliance was “extremely focused on stepping up support” for Ukraine.

US President Joe Biden later announced $1 billion worth of new weapons aid for Ukraine that sources familiar with the package said included anti-ship rocket systems, artillery rockets and rounds for howitzers.

Biden, who spoke with Ukraine’s President Volodymyr Zelenskiy by phone on Wednesday, also announced an additional $225 million in humanitarian aid to Ukraine.

The bombardment of Sievierodonetsk’s Azot ammonia factory echoes the earlier siege of the Azovstal steelworks in the southern port of Mariupol, where hundreds of fighters and civilians took shelter from Russian shelling. Those inside surrendered in mid-May and were taken into Russian custody.

Those inside Azot are surviving on water from wells and supplies of food brought in, the mayor said.

British intelligence said the fighters could survive underground, and Russian forces would likely remain focused on them, keeping them from attacking elsewhere.

But Ukrainian forces on the eastern front are exhausted and outnumbered, British Defence Minister Ben Wallace said.

Kyiv has said 100-200 of its soldiers are being killed every day, with hundreds more wounded in some of the bloodiest fighting since Russia’s Feb. 24 invasion.

Russia gives no regular figures of its own losses but Western countries say they have been massive as President Vladimir Putin seeks full control of the Donbas and a swathe of southern Ukraine. Putin calls the war a special military operation against Ukrainian nationalists.

On Wednesday Zelenskiy urged more European sanctions against Russia. He also said Moscow’s territorial ambitions stretched beyond Ukraine to a swathe of eastern Europe from Poland to Bulgaria, without providing evidence for his claim.

‘Brussels, we are waiting’

The conflict has sent grain prices soaring and Western sanctions against Russia have driven up oil prices. Ukraine’s agriculture minister told Reuters the invasion would create a global wheat shortage for at least three seasons by keeping much of the Ukrainian crop from markets.

Russia said it had offered “safe passage” for Ukraine grain shipments from the country’s Black Sea ports but said it was not responsible for establishing the corridors, as Turkey suggested ships could be guided around sea mines.

Western nations have promised Ukraine Nato-standard weapons but deploying them is taking time. Zelenskiy said there was no justification for delays.

His adviser, Mykhailo Podolyak, said the defenders of Sievierodonetsk wanted to know when the weapons would arrive. “Brussels, we are waiting for a decision,” he wrote on Twitter.

Russian forces are also trying to move south towards Sloviansk, local councillor Maksym Strelnik told television, adding that Ukraine’s military are “holding the line and are launching counterattacks on the enemy’s flanks”.

In the Donbas, the sound of shelling could be heard near the town of Niu-York, where Ukrainian forces said Russia was throwing everything into the battle.

“For three and a half months we have been standing against the biggest country in the world,” a 22-year-old Ukrainian serviceman nicknamed “Viking” said. “They have taken heavy casualties in vehicles and personnel, but they don’t retreat.”


Top: Firefighters work to extinguish an apartment building and cars burning after shelling in Donetsk, in territory under the government of the Donetsk People’s Republic, eastern Ukraine, on June 13, 2022. Photo: AP and published by Indian Express

First insert: People clamber over the ruins of a home that was destroyed by Russian bombs in the village of Verkhn’okam’yans’ke, Ukraine on Sunday, June 12, 2022. Photo: Tyler Hicks/The New York Times and published by Indian Express

Second insert: President Biden said the US supported Ukraine’s territorial integrity in the face of “unprovoked Russian aggression.” Photo: EPA and published by BBC

Third insert: A damaged tram is pictured at a shelled tram depot, amid Russia’s attack on Ukraine, in Kharkiv, Ukraine on June 15, 2022. Reuters/Ivan Alvarado and published by US News & World Report

Front Page: A Russian missile strike in the northern part of Kyiv, dismantled the Retroville shopping mall into utter ruin. Photo: Reuters and published by Indian Express

(Reporting by Reuters bureaux; Writing by Philippa Fletcher and Gareth Jones; Editing by Simon Cameron-Moore, Frank Jack Daniel and Toby Chopra)

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