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Chinese cyberattacks on US ‘one of the largest transfers of wealth in human history’

By Amanda Macias, CNBC

Washington — In blistering remarks on Tuesday, FBI Director Christopher Wray slammed the Chinese government for its use of espionage and cyberattacks against the United States which has amounted to what he called “one of the largest transfers of wealth in human history.”

“The stakes could not be higher, and the potential economic harm to American businesses and the economy as a whole almost defies calculation,” Wray said of the Chinese government during an address at the Hudson Institute.

“To achieve its goals and surpass America, China recognizes it needs to make leaps in cutting edge technology, but the sad fact is that instead of engaging in the hard slog of innovation, China often steals American intellectual property and then uses it to compete against the very American companies it victimizes, in effect, cheating twice,” he said, adding that the Chinese government targets “research on everything from military equipment to wind turbines.”

When asked if the United States had an estimate on the financial damage the Chinese government has caused on the American economy, Wray said he didn’t know of an exact number, but added that “every figure I’ve seen is breathtaking.”

“Confronting this threat effectively does not mean we shouldn’t do business with the Chinese, does not mean we shouldn’t host Chinese visitors, it does not mean we shouldn’t welcome Chinese students or coexist with China on the world stage,” Wray explained. “It does mean that when China violates our criminal laws and international norms, we are not going to tolerate, much less enable.”

Wray’s comments come on the heels of Secretary of State Mike Pompeo’s threat to ban TikTok as well as other Chinese social media apps citing national security concerns. The nation’s top diplomat explained in a Monday interview with Fox News that the Trump administration will examine the infrastructure of Chinese social media apps as it did with Chinese telecommunication giants Huawei and ZTE.

In May, the FBI, in a joint statement with the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency, said it was investigating “the targeting and compromise of US organizations conducting Covid-19-related research by [People’s Republic of China]-affiliated cyber actors and non-traditional collectors.”

The hackers have been caught attempting to “identify and illicitly obtain valuable intellectual property” and public health data related to coronavirus research, according to the May 13 statement. “The potential theft of this information jeopardizes the delivery of secure, effective, and efficient treatment options,” the statement read.

The unfolding health crisis caused by the coronavirus is the latest issue to rattle relations between Beijing and Washington. The world’s two largest economies were already engaged in a disruptive trade war with intellectual property theft proving to be a major sticking point between the two nations.

US officials have long complained that Chinese intellectual property theft has cost the economy billions of dollars in revenue and thousands of jobs and that it threatens national security. China maintains that it does not engage in intellectual property theft.

The F-35, the crown jewel in defense giant Lockheed Martin’s portfolio, had its sensitive design and electronics data compromised in 2009. Chinese hackers were believed to be behind the cyber intrusion.

China later announced it was developing its own fifth-generation fighter, the stealth Shenyang J-31 jet, which bears a striking resemblance to the F-35.


Top: FBI Director Christopher Wray arrives for the Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee hearing titled Threats to the Homeland, in Hart Building on Tuesday, November 5, 2019. Photo: Tom Williams / CQ-Roll Call, Inc. / Getty Images published by CNBC




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