Thai citizens can now register to grow, trade and have in possession hemp under a new ministerial regulation that comes into effect today (Friday).
The regulation permits the production, import, export, distribution and possession of hemp, or kanchong, a Type 5 narcotic.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) deputy secretary-general Supattra Boonserm told the Bangkok Post that Public Health Minister Anutin Charnvirakul had signed the ministerial regulation to that effect on Thursday.
Under the rules, anyone — growers, public and private sectors, and members of the public — can seek permission to grow hemp for all purposes — commercial, medicinal, educational, research or cultural.
They may use, process or add value to all parts of the plant such as making hemp extracts, herbal drinks, cosmetics and other products, said the FDA deputy secretary.
Hemp export permits can be sought and its seeds could also be imported within five years after the regulation takes effect, she said.
Interested people could seek permission with the public health offices where the plant is to be grown, or with the FDA in the case of Bangkok. Seed importers can apply for permits with the FDA, said Ms Supattra.
High on hope, foreigners have arrived in Thailand selling satellite imagery, financial services, grow lights and other products to profit from the kingdom’s recently legalized and fast-budding medical marijuana industry before Thais figure out how to do it themselves.
Foreign investors are excitedly gathering at cannabis networking events in Bangkok and elsewhere in this Southeast Asian nation, spouting sales spiels and describing the most fantastic things since seedless joints.
They are also unraveling Thailand’s newly created tangle of cannabis laws to find loopholes and ways to squeeze money from weed.
Medical marijuana became legal in Thailand in 2019. Recreational use did not and penalties for smoking without a prescription still include imprisonment.
As a result, the current foreign investment-driven rush is going mainly towards niche infrastructure for government-controlled medical research and production.
The Dutch, for instance, are quickly emerging as big suppliers of potent seeds to Thai medical marijuana growers.
The Netherlands, where recreational marijuana is legal, has spent decades producing some of the best cross-bred seeds, which are now being purchased by government-approved Thai researchers.
Dave Rockwood, who came to Thailand from Utah, said he wants his AgriTech Global Services’ software and satellite link to help Thai farmers “evaluate their land to see if it is a good location and has good soil conditions, weather conditions, and enough skilled cultivators for cannabis growing, harvesting and processing cannabis crops.”
He says farmers can receive printed scans created by his company’s satellite links and software, which produce color-coded maps and other data to reveal if their dirt is suitable for growing marketable weed.
“We help analyze the land by utilizing historical satellite scans over the past few years with historical weather data, and run this data through our proprietary artificial intelligence software engine to determine the suitability of that land for cannabis,” Rockwood said in an interview.
He said that related ground sensors will help Thai weed farmers to continually monitor their plants’ growth and that satellite monitoring will assist in forecasting crop yields.
Some sectors where foreigners can compete with Thais “include technology through cultivation and extraction, genetics, and lifestyle branding through fashion and accessories,” Josh Schmidt, co-founder of the US-based Pistil Point and Capital Hemp companies involved respectively in medicinal cannabis and industrial hemp, said in an interview.
He was upbeat during a recent cannabis exhibition in Bangkok, but said, “Due to compliance, there was no showcasing of the actual plant or its derivatives in any way. It would be nice if the government helps organizers, through collaborations, to introduce cannabis and hemp to first timers.”
Daniel Foxman, the American managing director of Thai Freeze Dry, is already involved in freeze-drying herbs in and around Thailand’s second biggest city, Chiang Mai, where he lives.
His company, which also represents California-based Delta Separations, hopes to soon include marijuana grown in Thailand.
“Cannabis is one of the many medicinal herbs we will process,” Foxman said in an interview.
“Thai Freeze Dry is now well along in our progress to build a factory complex that will include three factories — a much larger freeze-dry factory, a sprouting facility, and an extraction factory.
“We will sprout hemp seeds and then freeze-dry the hemp seed sprouts using ‘cellular fraction-line’ freeze-drying technology,” he said.
Foxman said this may result in cannabis products that can be classified as dietary supplements or functional foods. Cannabis roots, he noted, “have been used for centuries for pain relief.”
Patience and deep pockets are vital.